Saturday 5 May 1984


The following article is an overview of the career of Spanish pianist, arranger, and conductor Eddy Guerin (stage name of José Manuel Gracia Soria). The main source of information is an extended CV with some additional anecdotes in it, provided by Mr Guerin to Bas Tukker in 2011. The article is subdivided into two main parts; a general career overview (part 3) and a part dedicated to Eddy Guerin's Eurovision involvement (part 4).

All material below: © Bas Tukker / 2011

  1. Passport
  2. Short Eurovision record
  3. Biography
  4. Eurovision Song Contest
  5. Other artists about Eddy Guerin
  6. Eurovision involvement year by year
  7. Sources & links

Born: October 2nd, 1935, Saragossa (Spain)
Nationality: Spanish


Eddy Guerin was the conductor of the Spanish entry to the 1984 Eurovision Song Contest, ‘Lady, Lady’, performed by the group Bravo. In the festival final, held in the Nouveau Theâtre in Luxembourg, this song finished in third place on the scoreboard.


José Manuel Gracia Soria – stage name Eddy Guerin – was born in 1935. Encouraged by his uncle, who was a professional musician, he picked up an interest in the piano from a very early age onwards. He studied the piano, as well as the obligatory theoretical subjects such as solfège and harmony, at the Saragossa Royal Conservatoire, where he graduated at seventeen years of age with a first prize in piano (1952).

Founding his own jazz orchestra, Eddy Guerin toured several European countries, before moving to Paris in 1955, where he worked as a pianist and arranger in the recording studio. Moreover, he took private lessons with French jazz giant André Hodeir, who taught him musical form, composition, and chamber music.

In a striking career move, in 1963, Guerin moved to Beirut in Lebanon, where he had been offered the position of musical director and conductor of the orchestra which played at the local Casino du Liban. The band, consisting of twenty musicians and vocalists, accompanied revue shows, most prominently those written by Michel Legrand.

Having worked in Lebanon for ten years, Guerin returned to Europe in 1972, settling in Madrid in his native Spain. There, he began a career as a freelance musician in the record business. One of his specialities became composing tunes for radio and television advertisements, writing themes for commercials for international companies such as Coca Cola, Pepsi, Trans World Airlines, TWA, American Airlines, Budweiser, McDonald’s, and others. Guerin won several prizes for his compositions at the New York International Advertising Awards Competition.

Throughout the 1970s, Guerin worked in Madrid as a pianist, keyboard player, arranger, conductor, and producer with many of the stars of Spanish light entertainment music. In 1973, he wrote the arrangement to the popular song ‘Equipaje’ by Argentinian singer-songwriter Alberto Cortez, while penning the score to another major hit, ‘Y viva España’, for Manolo Escobar one year later. Other acts Guerin was involved in during this period, include Aguaviva, Las Grecas, Ismael, Raphael Martos, Cuerpos y Almas, Los Chunguitos, and La Pequeña Compañía.

The Casino du Liban in Beirut, c. 1970; on the right-hand side, Eddy Guerin and his orchestra can be detected

Guerin was a conductor in the first OTI Song Festival, organized in Madrid in 1972, leading the orchestra for ‘Una vez, otra vez’ by Guillermo Basterrechea and ‘No volveré a pasar por allí’ by Arturo Quesada, the participating entries from Chile and Bolivia respectively. Two years later, in Acapulco (Mexico), Guerin's arrangement helped Puerto Rico's Nydia Caro to obtain first place in the third edition of the OTI Song Festival. Later that year, Guerin was awarded with the ACE Prize for best arrangement of the year at a ceremony held in New York. Guerin returned to the competition on several occasions, conducting, among others, the 1982 Spanish entry, interpreted by Pequeña Compañia. 

In the world of television, Guerin composed the music to TVE’s popular game show Un, dos, tres… responda otra vez, which ran for four seasons (1985-88). He also made his mark as a film composer and arranger, working on the soundtracks of, among other titles, El libro de buen amor (1975) and Yo hice a Roque III (1980). Between 1994 and 1998, he was the musical director and conductor of the prestigious annual Benidorm International Song Festival.

In the 1980s and early 1990s, Guerin continued to be much involved in studio sessions as a pianist, arranger and producer, working with dozens of artists from Spain and Latin America, such as Julio Iglesias, José Luis Perales, Nidia Caro, El Fary, Dyango, Tijeritas, Carlos Cano, and the Catalan novelty band La Trinca. He was the pianist on Mecano’s 1988 album ‘Descanso dominical’, whilst he co-arranged the LP ‘Mi otro perfil’ by star tenor José Carreras (1984) as well as the albums ‘Marinero de luces’ (1985) and producer ‘Corazon herido’ (1992) by Isabel Pantoja. Moreover, he orchestrated the hit duet ‘Somos dos caminantes’ by Julio Iglesias and Lola Flores (1990) and wrote the scores to Alejandro Sanz’ successful CD album ‘Viviendo deprisa’ (1991).

Eddy Guerin was the musical director of the private TV station Antena 3 from November 1999 to October 2003, supervising music shows and composing theme tunes for various programmes. He preferred Antena 3 to working for the national broadcaster TVE, or, as he put it himself, “My working relationship with Televisión Española was never very good. I have never liked suffering manipulation and people trying to impose anything on me while I am at work at some music project. It is an open secret what happens in the media business when political interests come into the picture. In private television, things like these are much less likely to occur.”

After their active career in music, Guerin and his wife, singer and actress María José Prendes, settled down in the seaside resort of Benidorm.

Eddy Guerin was the musical director for the entries of Bolivia and Chile in the first edition of the OTI Song Festival, held in Madrid (1972)


In the 1984 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest, Spain was represented by the ABBA-esque group Bravo, who had been internally selected by broadcaster TVÉ. Their song, ‘Lady, Lady’, was composed by Miguel Blasco Larami with lyrics by lead singer Amaya Saizar. Record label Hispavox and producer Gian Pietro Felisatti asked Eddy Guerin, who had also written the studio arrangement to the song, to accompany the group to Luxembourg to conduct the festival orchestra. Bravo did very well there, finishing third in a field of nineteen participating acts.

The Luxembourg orchestra was composed of musicians from West Germany and France. In a nice coincidence, Eddy Guerin met an old friend when he took his position in front of the orchestra for the first rehearsal. 

“When I was about to raise my baton to count in the orchestra," Guerin recalls, "a voice could be heard coming from the orchestra, “Alors, Monsieur Guerin, do you not greet old friends?” It turned out that the saxophonist in the band was my best friend from Paris, Pierre Gossez. I had been unable to recognize him, as he now had this huge beard! All orchestra members were smiling – it was a touching event, meeting a dear friend after 25 years!”

Moments before the festival started, Guerin had to handle an extreme emergency, as he recalls all too well, “The record version of ‘Lady, Lady’ lasted nearly three and a half minutes. When I was rehearsing with the group in Madrid, I had warned them that, in the Eurovision Song Contest, there was a maximum of three minutes. Then, nobody thought it would be a problem… but it was! Just half an hour before the broadcast was about to start, the organisation of the festival obliged the Spanish delegation to cut twenty seconds from the song. As, in those days, there was no digital system yet, it was simply a case of squarely cutting the analogue tape. Just imagine the situation; I was there with scissors in my hand, cutting twenty seconds of music from the backing track just thirty minutes before the festival! Not to mention the fact that the orchestra members had to be instructed about this abridgement as well…”

Image taken from the official Eurovision 1984 programme booklet


So far, it has not been possible to gather memories of other artists about Eddy Guerin.


Country – Spain
Song title – "Lady, Lady"
Rendition – Bravo (Yolanda Hoyos / Amaya Saizar / Esteban Santos / Luis Villar)
Lyrics – Amaya Saizar
Composition – Miguel Blasco Larami
Studio arrangement – Gian Pietro Felisatti / Eddy Guerin
Live orchestration – Eddy Guerin
Conductor – Eddy Guerin
Score – 3rd place (106 votes)

  • Many thanks to Eddy Guerin for providing us with information about his career in music and his Eurovision involvement (2011)
  • Photos courtesy of Eddy Guerin

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